Introduction to

By Puthalath Koroth Raghuprasad
Odessa, Texas
Contact Us or Leave Comment

      This website is made with the primary purpose of explaining the role spin of celestial bodies plays in maintaining order in the universe. The idea that spin of the bodies is the most important fundamental property of matter and one that is essential for the proper functioning of the universe, is an original idea put forward by this author.  At the heart of this idea is the notion that gravity alone cannot determine the direction of orbits of the planets and their satellites.  In other words, the belief that the mutual gravitation, combined with Newton's First law of motion explains the motions of celestial bodies is erroneous.  This teaching cannot account for the orbits being only in one direction, which direction is the same as the mother bodies' axial rotation or the fact that all bodies align quite neatly around the ecliptic of the mother bodies.  Neither will Einstein's 'warping of spacetime'.  Here also the problems are that, while the 'warping' could be invoked to explain where the satellite bodies are situated, in relation to the mother body,  his theory also cannot account for any of the orderly motions in space or indeed, the axial rotation of all bodies. 

      To explain all these features, my idea of combining the forces of gravity and spin, counter-balanced by the centrifugal force, as elaborated in the articles in this website, is, uniquely adequate. The scientific articles entitled "Spinning Universe: A Hypothesis" , "Planetary Spin-Orbit Attributes in the Planets and their wider implications" and : "Synchronous and Negative Rotations in the Solar System Explained" and,  the journalistic article "Spin Fundamentals" were written by me.  The data presented in the paper entitled "Synchronous and Negative Rotations in the Solar System Explained" and a paper in preparation and entitled "Synchronous, Non-Synchronous and Negative Rotations: How Spin and Gravity Orchestrate Planetary Motions" clearly show the intimate relationship between the mother bodies' speed of axial rotation and the distance to the satellite in determining the rotational/orbital behavior of these satellites.  Thus, the closest large moons of the gas giants display negligible or no axial tilt and they rotate on their axes and orbit the mother in the same time period ("synchronous rotation"). The crucial finding in this interaction is the increase in the speed of axial rotation of these satellites, directly proportionate to the distance from the mother bodies.  Those satellites that are situated farther and farther away from the mother, display axial tilts proportionately more, and they lose synchronicity.  The most peripheral bodies, with axial tilts over ~120 degrees, display negative rotations and also considerable delay in their rotation period.  This applies to all peripheral small satellites of the gas giants.  Also, Venus (axis -174) and Pluto (axis -152) are the two planets that also show negative rotation.

      The notion of 'spinning universe' is just an extension of the observed axial rotation of the elementary particles, on through the motions of planets, their satellites, the stars and even the galaxies and extending it to the larger universe. The only concept to understand is that the universe, which is made up of the seen (the galaxies, with their components) and the unseen (the rest of the matter in the universe, which remains invisible), also rotates on its axis.  It should be understood that it is the matter in the universe and not the void of space that spins.  To me, it makes no sense to accept the rotating motions (the axial rotation and the orbits) of the infinitely small, all the way upto the galaxies, but beyond the domain of the galaxies, it is a radial motion outward, is unacceptable.

     Yet, this is what has been  proposed by the incredibly naive notion of a "Big Bang" followed  by  an  ever-expanding universe,  where  even  the  space and  all the objects are being made nearly at the speed of light for billions of  years!  The only 'evidences' put forward to support this notion are the red shift of light from the far away galaxies and the so-called "Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation" (CMBR) which is supposed to represent the remnants of the radiation left after the "Big Bang".  I question the use of red shift to prove that the bodies are travelling in a radial direction.  When dealing with objects at such unimaginable distances, the red shift might fail.  Movement of the galaxies in a circumferential direction may instead, actually produce the increase in red shifts.  The notion that the radiation measured around the vicinity of the earth and use that data to support what is happening all over the infinitely vast universe, is unbelievably naive.  Earth is just a tiny planet orbiting a mediocre star, which is but one of hundreds of billions of stars orbiting a rather mediocre spiral galaxy, which is one of billions of galaxies in the vastness of the visible universe.  How can the measurement taken around this tiny earth represent what is going on in the rest of the galaxy, let alone the whole universe?!  The truth is, as dictated by the fundamental forces of nature, the components of the universe and the universe itself had always been spinning.  Just take a look at the formation of a solar system from the congregation of ordinary dust; the pull of gravity condenses the matter into the central mass which lights up as the star and a rotating disc forms (again, as a result of the collaboration of gravity and spin) in the equatorial region of the star, and this disk is destined to form the rest of the solar system bodies.  This pattern repeats in all stellar systems and galaxies.

     One may be excused if one questions how very large bodies are influenced by mother bodies from great distances, since gravitational attraction diminishes rapidly with distance.  A good example of this is the orderly orbits of the gas giants in our solar system, especially Jupiter.  Obviously, this sort of relationship is probably repeated in all star systems.  In order to understand this, one has to free oneself from our earthbound biases. All our understandings are influenced by what we see around us and these are dictated by earth's gravity, our atmosphere and the other factors.  However, all bodies, the smallest meteorites and satellites, to the largest planets, and even the stars are situated in their own nooks in the void of space, which space sports some unique features.  First, all bodies are essentially weightless, since they are too far away from other bodies. This is so even though they still retain their respective masses and their own attendant gravity; thus the larger bodies will still influence the smaller ones in their neighborhood as expected.  Secondly, they find themselves in almost perfect vacuum and this makes their transit entirely frictionless.  Thirdly, the space around the bodies is intensely cold, almost near absolute zero; what effect this extreme cold has in the motions of bodies is not known.  These three special circumstances allow the bodies (the conglomeration of fundamental elements of matter) to display their natural attributes; hence the incessant axial rotation and the orbital motions around the nearest large body, all in perpetuity.

     While the major thrust of this website is to promote the idea of spin as having a central role in the functioning of the universe, other topics of interest will also be entertained in this website. I have already posted an article dealing with the speed of light and related matter; this is entitled "Speed of light, to beat or not to beat". I have submitted to a peer-reviewed international journal a new article entitled  "Synchronous, nonsynchronous and negative rotations: How spin and gravity orchestrate planetary motions"; it will be posted in this website after it is published.  My article entitled "Why the Sky is Blue" has been published (Physics Essays 30:1, 2017 2017) and has been posted to this website.

     We invite all readers to write their responses as well and to submit articles of their own for consideration for posting on this website.  Both I and the website managers reserve the right to accept only articles having sufficient scientific merit for posting on this website.  However, all responses in the form of comments will be entertained.